Coeliac disease is another immune-related gastro-intestinal condition, in which eating wheat gluten causes inflammation and damage to the lining of the small intestine. This leads to severe malabsorption of important nutrients resulting in multiple health problems including diarrhoea, weight loss, flatulence, oedema, anaemia, muscle wasting, bone problems and disturbance of heart rhythm. The exact nature of the immune reaction that causes coeliac disease is unclear, but it is known that people with condition have an inherited genetic susceptibility, and that the components of gluten that cause the problem are called gliandins. Although potentially serious, coeliac disease can be managed by eating a gluten-free diet. This means avoiding wheat, barley, rye and, usually, oats for life. However rice, maize and soya products are safe and not everyone with the disorder is sensitive to oats.
Article sourced from and with kind thanks to The Complete Guide to Nutritional Health.
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